Odd and even numbers

evens oddsIn mathematics, a even number is an integer that we can write in the form 2n (that is, it is exactly divisible by 2), where n is an integer. Conversely, integers that are not even are called odd numbers and we can write them as 2n + 1.

Even number

It is any integer that we can write in the form 2n, with n ϵ Z, or that we can divide exactly by 2. For example, the numbers 10254, -6,0,10, -4 are all even.

Odd number

It is any number that is not even, that is, it is an integer that we can write in the form 2n + 1, with n ϵ Z. For example, the numbers 10253, -5,1,9,15 are all odd.

Properties

Addition and subtraction

When adding (or subtracting) odd and even numbers the result is always:

OperationExample
Pair ± PairPair6 + 410

-6 + 40 = 4

Pair ± Odd = Odd6 + 3 = 9

65 = 1

Odd ± Pair = Odd1 + 4 = 5

720 = –13

Odd ± Odd = Pair5 + 25 = 30

-7 + 15 = 8

Multiplication

When multiplying odd and even numbers the result is always:

OperationExample
Pair × Pair = Pair6 × 4 = 24
Pair × Odd = Pair-6 × 5 = -30
Odd × Pair = Pair7 × (-20) = -140
Odd × Odd = Odd-7 × 15 = 105

1. Determine which of the following numbers are even, expressing them in the form 2n, and which are odd, expressing them in the form 2n + 1, where n is an integer:

a) 3028

b) 44

c) 125

a) 3028 is an even number, since 2 × 1514 = 3028 where n = 1514. We can also determine that it is an even number because we can divide it exactly by 2.

b) 44 is an even number, since 2 × 22 = 44 where n = 22. We can also determine that it is an even number because we can divide it exactly by 2.

c) 125 is an odd number, since 2 × 62 + 1 = 125 where n = 62. We can also determine that it is an odd number because we cannot divide it exactly by 2 (it is not an even number).

2. Determine if the following operations result in an even number, or an odd number:

a) 48 ÷ 8

b) 56 × 23

c) 4 + 11

a) 48 ÷ 8 results in an even number, since:

48 / 8 = 6

What can we express as:

2 × 3 = 6 where n = 3

b) 56 × 23 results in an even number, since:

Even × Odd = Even

56 × 23 = 1288

What can we express as:

2 × 644 = 1288 where n = 644

c) 4 + 11 results in an odd number, since:

Even + Odd = Odd

4 + 11 = 15

What can we express as:

2 × 7 + 1 = 15 where n = 7