The Neuro-linguistic Programming (NLP) refers to a communication model made up of a series of techniques that seeks to understand how a person processes the information that enters his brain through sensory experiences. NLP focuses on human development; through it you can discover how the human being communicates with himself and with his environment.
By learning how we process the information that enters our brain and how to work with it, we can discover our patterns and achieve, with certain specific techniques (such as visualization, reframing, changing history, etc.) change what is not healthy for new ways of understanding the same situation. For example, modifying a negative memory for another that generates pleasure. Also change the way we understand a certain fact so that it does not cause us pain or anxiety.
In general, NLP uses the understanding of the functioning of the human mind to reach the maximum potential possible. Thus, it is associated with many personal development techniques such as Coaching and therapies such as hypnosis; seeking to treat anxiety, stress, phobias, addictions, among others.
The Neurolinguistic Programming was created in the 1970s at the University of Santa Cruz in California, United States. The modeler Richard Bandler and the anglicist and linguist Jhon Grinder were its creators. Both wondered why there were professors at the university that had a full class and that their students loved to attend, while others, with the same level of knowledge, did not transmit and did not achieve the same attendance success.
To find out the reason for this situation, they began to “model” (modeling is what we do when we download a program to our computer and run it) people who were “excellent” in their profession: extraordinary communicators and therapists, like Virginia Satir ( American psychotherapist, pioneer in Family Systemic Therapy), Milton Erickson (American psychologist, creator of Ericksonian hypnosis, pioneer in Clinical Hypnosis), Fritz Perls (neuropsychiatrist and German psychoanalyst, creator of Gestalt Therapy) and Gregory Bateson (English anthropologist, pioneer in social and verbal sciences).
Grinder and Bandler, through research, began to systematize similar mental patterns and identified, in that group of people, patterns of "excellence" that could be learned and used by anyone else; and obtain, in this way, similar successful results (the "excellence"). This discipline was called Neuro-linguistic Programming.
The concept of NLP refers to the union of three terms:
- Programming (aptitude to implement behavior programs).
- Neuro (sensory perceptions that mark the emotional state of an individual).
- Linguistics (verbal and non-verbal means that human beings use to communicate.
It is called programming for mathematics and cybernetics. Our brain acts like a large computer, which with our memories and learning, experiences and beliefs, incorporates and executes programs. We have mental programs and behavior patterns. The understanding of this information enables us to be able to modify the way of thinking and therefore have the ability to achieve any objective that we set ourselves, this thanks to the reprogramming of our own mind at will.
By neurology. It comes from the process of assimilating programs through our sensory neurons and from executing programs through our motor neurons. In other words, because we can deactivate these programs executed by neural networks and activate other more positive programs.
NLP uses language, with a special emphasis on body language (breathing, posture, etc.), and its linguistic metamodels (question system that allow a deeper understanding of the person and their patterns) as tools for the change.