Α and β are said to be congruent angles if they measure the same. These have a wide application in the similarity and congruence of different geometric figures; We can classify several of the latter based on their congruent angles, as is the case with some triangles.
Let α and β be two anglesthese will be congruent angles if they have exactly the same measurement, that is, α = β.
Examples of congruent angles
When two lines intersect 4 angles are formed. Those that are opposite each other are vertical angles, these are always congruent. Therefore, in the following figure α = β and θ = φ.
A line that cuts two parallels forms congruent angles. In the following figure the pairs ∡ay ∡d; ∡by ∡c; ∡1 and ∡3; ∡4 and ∡2 are congruent.
In this type of triangle two of its internal angles are congruent.
α = β
In this type of triangle, its three internal angles are congruent and always measure 60⁰.
α = β = γ
Rectangle and Square
In them, its four internal angles are congruent and measure 90⁰.
Application of congruent angles
We can determine the congruence of triangles by using their angles together with the congruence of their sides. Two triangles will be the same if any of the following conditions are met:
- If all three sides of two triangles A and B are equal, then they are congruent.
- If in two triangles A and B two of their sides and the angle formed by these are equal, then A and B are congruent.
- If in two triangles A and B two of their angles are congruent angles and the side between them is equal, then A and B are congruent.
If the following two triangles are congruent, find the value of a, b, and cꞋ.
As both are congruent, its three sides must be equal, therefore:
a = aꞋ = 26 cm
b = bꞋ = 20 cm
cꞋ = c = 32 cm